Get the facts straight about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. We cover everything you need to know to stay healthy and in control, from symptoms to causes.
Do you know the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes? With both conditions affecting millions of individuals worldwide, and the number of cases increasing daily, it’s important to understand the key distinctions. This article breaks down the basic differences between these two types of diabetes for easy comprehension. By understanding the intricacies of each, you can better manage, care for, and support those affected, or even help yourself.
Diabetes is a disorder where the body struggles to properly regulate blood sugar levels. This regulation difficulty occurs when either the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the body’s cells become resistant to its effects.
Type 1 diabetes, previously known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is an autoimmune disorder. This distinction means that the immune system mistakenly destroys pancreatic beta cells, which are responsible for producing insulin. As a result, the body lacks sufficient insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.
About ten percent of all the cases involve Type 1 diabetes.
Typically, medical professionals diagnose Type 1 diabetes during childhood or adolescence, although it can develop at any age. Genetic factors play a crucial role, but environmental triggers, such as viral infections, may also contribute. People with Type 1 diabetes must rely on daily insulin injections for their lifetime to manage their blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes is the more common form of the disorder, formerly referred to as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. It occurs when the body’s cells become resistant to insulin, leading to higher blood glucose levels. Unlike Type 1, lifestyle factors contribute significantly to the development of Type 2 diabetes. Obesity, poor diet, and lack of exercise all increase the risk for this type of diabetes.
Although it most often affects middle-aged and older individuals, younger individuals can also receive this diagnosis. Management of Type 2 diabetes may include lifestyle modifications and oral medications, but as the condition progresses, some individuals may need insulin therapy.
The symptoms of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are similar and may include increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, extreme fatigue, and blurred vision. If you suspect you or a loved one may have diabetes, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis.
One reliable method to understand your blood sugar levels and make timely lifestyle modifications is by using RxHomeTest’s mail-in medical tests. These tests provide accurate results from the comfort of your home, without the hassle of multiple hospital visits. You can check your risk of diabetes or check the quarterly A1c levels using these kits, right from your home.
By understanding the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, you can better manage your health or support those around you. With the right knowledge, lifestyle changes, and medical care, you or your loved ones can stay healthy and in control.
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